Most Common STD: Diseases known as sexually transmitted infections (STDs) are contracted through sexual interaction. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are the cause of STDs. Viruses, bacteria, or parasites can cause STIs. These illnesses typically transfer from person to person by physiological fluids like blood, semen, or vagina. These are not only transferred during intercourse but also from mother to kid through nursing and pregnancy.
More than a million people contract STIs every day, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO), and the majority of these infections are asymptomatic. According to WHO estimates, 374 million new cases of one of the four sexually transmitted illnesses (STIs) in 2020—gonorrhea (82 million), syphilis (7.1 million), trichomoniasis (156 million)—will be contracted.
8 Most Common STD:
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
This is a sexually transmitted infection that is common in both genders. Genital warts and, in rare instances, cervical cancer, may result from it. Certain HPV strains can now be prevented with vaccine, underscoring the need of immunisation for both genders’ general sexual health and cancer prevention.
The herpes simplex virus (HSV) is the virus that causes herpes. It results in painful sores, commonly on the genitalia or mouth area. Despite the lack of a cure, antiviral drugs help control symptoms.
This is an additional sexually transmitted infection brought on by the Treponema pallidum bacteria. It develops in phases, frequently beginning with painless sores. It can result in serious health problems if left untreated. Effective management and the avoidance of problems depend heavily on early detection by testing and timely treatment with antibiotics such as penicillin.
Viral infections can lead to liver inflammation, which is known as hepatitis. Sexual contact is one way that the virus can spread. Abdominal pain, exhaustion, and jaundice are among the symptoms. Severe liver damage can result from chronic hepatitis B and C. Preventive strategies against hepatitis include vaccination, safe sexual behaviour, and abstaining from infected materials.
The parasite Trichomonas vaginalis is the source of the sexually transmitted infection trichomoniasis. Typical symptoms include of burning, itching, and drainage. Antibiotics are an easy way to manage this condition, which affects both men and women.
The Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria is the source of gonorrhoea, an infection spread through sexual activity. Pelvic pain, vaginal discharge, and painful urination are some of the symptoms. If left untreated, there may be severe consequences. Antibiotics, safe sex practices, and early diagnosis are essential for preventing the spread of gonorrhoea.
This is a typical sexually transmitted infection brought on by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. It frequently has no symptoms, although it can cause problems like pelvic inflammatory disease.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
This is an immune-system-attacking viral infection. It may result in AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which ultimately weakens the body’s defences against illnesses and infections. Antiretroviral medication helps manage HIV even though there is no known cure, underscoring the significance of early detection, testing, and treatment.
Take a look at some of the early symptoms of STDs!
- Unusual Discharge: A number of STDs can cause changes in vaginal discharge. In particular, pay attention to any odd colour, consistency, or fragrance in any vaginal, penile, or rectal discharge.
- Unease While Urinating: Urinary tract infections (UTIs), gonorrhoea, and chlamydia are among the illnesses that can cause pain, burning, or discomfort during urination.
- Genital Irritation or Itching: Genital discomfort, redness, or itching could be an indication of trichomoniasis or herpes.
- Lesions, Bumps, or Sores: Sores, blisters, warts, or ulcers on or near the mouth, anus, or genitalia may indicate genital warts, syphilis, or herpes.
- Painful Intercourse: During sexual activity, pain or discomfort could be a sign of genital herpes, gonorrhoea, or chlamydia, among other STDs.
- Swollen Lymph Nodes: Swelling of lymph nodes in the groin, neck or armpit may occur in response to an infection, including some STDs.
- Rectal Symptoms: The rectum can be impacted by STDs like syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhoea, which can cause symptoms like rectal pain, discharge, or bleeding.
- Eye Redness or Discharge: Conjunctivitis, often known as pink eye, is occasionally brought on by infections such as gonorrhoea or chlamydia that cause redness, irritation, or discharge in the eyes.
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