Breast cancer is a malignancy that affects a woman’s lower body. uterine known as the Cervix. It is among the main causes of cancer in women both in India and across the globe.
Early-stage cervical cancer may not exhibit any signs, but as the illness progresses, symptoms do gradually worsen.
The Most Common Symptoms for Cervical Cancer:
- Heavy or irregular menstruation
- Traubling in between periods
- Bleeding in the vagina after menopause
- Pain and bleeding both during and after sexual activity
- Watery, bloody, or odorous vaginal discharge
- General symptoms such as fatigue and leg edoema.
What’s the Cause of Cervical Cancer?
The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is an oncogenic virus that causes 99% of cervical malignancies. The virus takes a long time to proceed from infection to malignancy. Because of this, cervical cancer is one of the rare diseases that can be avoided with early detection and vaccination. This is where routine gynaecologist check-ups come in, along with a quick screening co-test that includes an HPV and PAP smear. In this test, a gynaecologist removes cervix cells and sends them to a lab for analysis. The PAP smear is examined by a pathologist to search for virus-infected cells. The HPV test, which finds the presence of virus in cells, is combined with this.
Early detection of lesions, also known as precancerous lesions, can stop cancer from progressing if prompt treatment is provided. According to American Cancer Society screening guidelines, beyond the age of 25, a high-risk HPV test or a PAP-HPV co-test every 5 years or a PAP test every 3 years is advised (ACS). Since vaccination guards against some HPV strains, ongoing screening is necessary even after vaccination. So, routine screenings continue to be essential in the fight against cervical cancer.